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Experts believe that smoking is as much a psychological pleasure as it is a physiological satisfaction. People reasoned that they get a sense of satisfaction from a cigarette which they can't get from anything else. However, smoking leads to a lot of troubles in the end for smokers --- a far cry from the expected satisfaction and pleasure they are supposed to derive from the habit.

Smoking: A Preventable Cause of Premature Deaths

Smoking: A Preventable Cause of Premature DeathsMonch Bravante is a writer and advertising practitioner with special interest in public health issues. DrugstoreTM.com is a reputable online drug store. From sexual health to a woman's health, sleeping aids to weight loss pills, our online pharmacy offers convenient customer access to various health medicines, including an array of health product and medicare prescription drug. Buy Soma | Buy Tramadol While there is no argument about the detrimental effects of smoking to the respiratory and cardiovascular system, it remains to be a most common habit which many people find very difficult to break. The danger and hazards that smoking poses to our health are being taught in schools, discussed in the media, and even condemned in churches. Cigarette smoking leads to a lot of troubles in the end for smokers rather than the satisfaction and pleasure that they are supposed to derive from it. According to Ernest Dichter, author of The Psychology of Everyday Living, smoking is as much a psychological pleasure as it is a physiological satisfaction. Smokers reason out that they get a sense of satisfaction from a cigarette which they can't get from anything else. He believes that the nature of this psychological pleasure can be traced to the universal desire for self-expression. None of us ever completely outgrows his childhood. We are constantly hunting for the carefree enjoyment we knew as children. As we grew older, we had to subordinate our pleasures to work and to the necessity for unceasing effort. Smoking, for many of us, then, became a substitute for our early habit of following the whims of the moment; it becomes a legitimate excuse for interrupting work and snatching a moment of pleasure. The author offered a great deal of analyses and views in his report as supported by studies he had conducted on several hundred respondents and commented that the psychological pleasures derived proved much more powerful than religious, moral, and legal persuasions.In the United States of America, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature deaths. The risk of developing several chronic disorders is higher for those who smoke cigarettes as compared to non-smokers. These include fatty buildups in arteries, several types of cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (lung problems). Atherosclerosis (buildup of fatty substances in the arteries) is a chief contributor to the high number of deaths from smoking. Many studies detail the evidence that cigarette smoking is a major cause of coronary heart disease, which leads to heart attack.The statistics are staggering. And in spite of efforts to disseminate this information to the media for people to have a full grasp of the magnitude and dangers of smoking, smokers seemed to be unnerved and the habit of smoking continue to spread rapidly particularly in African countries where the highest increase in the rate of tobacco use among developing countries is noted by the UN. No amount of warning, preachings, or repressive measures can seem to destroy the power of cigarette-smoking. What is sad is the fact that powerful individuals and institutions like the manufacturers and the advertising industry even lend support in the promotion of this deadly product. In desperation, we ask ourselves: What will stop people from smoking cigarettes? Having considered all the psychological explanation, and the unique pleasure and satisfaction smokers derived from this much contested product, I believe that it all boils down to self-discipline and knowing whats best for your health, for others, and for the environment. What more education do we need as human beings?Finally, if smoking is considered to be the leading preventable cause of diseases and deaths in the US, then, it is at least encouraging to know that it is PREVENTABLE

How Makeup Classes can Skyrocket Your Career as a Makeup Artist

How Makeup Classes can Skyrocket Your Career as a Makeup Artist

If you've always dreamed of becoming a professional, well-paid makeup artist, you might be able to realize your dreams sooner than you think. Helping others look their best can be a rewarding career both emotionally and financially. But just like any other profession, getting the proper training is essential for success. Makeup classes can help in more ways than one. Learn Makeup Application for All OccasionsPerhaps you already know the basics of applying makeup, but that's not all you should know to become a professional makeup artist. Makeup courses can teach you to apply makeup for all different special occasions. Applying makeup for a bride before her wedding is different than makeup for a glamour shot. There are many occasions where the right type of makeup makes all the difference, such as ceremonies, award presentations, black tie events, informal dances, proms, and parties. Makeup schools also teach you to apply makeup properly for certain needs such as a photo shoot for a model, a live performance by a speaker, politician, ballet dancer, opera singer, or musician, or even an acting session for an actor before entering the filming studio.Makeup for the camera is often much different than everyday makeup applications, so it's wise to take some makeup lessons on these different methods.Makeup Application for Different Skin TypesAnother way in which makeup courses can help you develop your talents is they will teach you to apply makeup for a variety of skin types. Skin comes in different color shades, depending on the person's skin pigmentation. There is also oily skin, dry skin, and skin that falls somewhere in between. You'll need "makeup lessons" to learn about the skin types and what type of makeup should be applied to each individual's skin.Knowing how to determine the colors of makeup is also important. You should consider the person's skin color, eye color, hair color, and the shape of their face to find the perfect color match. Depending on the type of makeup artist you will be, you might apply makeup to men as well. Mostly, this would be for photos or for the live camera.Learn Other Makeup Techniques Other makeup techniques you can learn by taking makeup classes include airbrush techniques, applying special effects makeup, applying makeup in salons or spas, working for cosmetic companies, and many others. You'll also learn to work with people and how to assess their needs before applying their makeup to get just the right match for their personality and skin type.Makeup classes can help you develop your skills as a makeup artist while teaching you the many techniques necessary to become a well-paid professional. If you are unable to take an entire college course, which can take years to complete, then try a makeup workshop that provides a concentrated course on makeup during a limited amount of time. Some of the greatest makeup artists, the best "makeup workshop" s, and the most career opportunities can be found in Hollywood. You'll be helping others shine with gorgeous makeup in no time!

Lend Your Ears for Pain Relief

Lend Your Ears for Pain Relief

Did you hear that? Did you hear the soft ticking of your watch? Or the familiar sound of your keyboard? The loud music of your mp3? Sounds are everywhere, fortunately, we have two cool parts on our body that let us hear them all: the ears! Every ear is unique and no two are alike, they are like fingerprints and can be read to reveal our inner nature. In oriental philosophy the ears reveal a person's understanding of life itself. The ears reveal the constitutional strength of the circulatory, digestive and nervous systems. In China they believe that people with long thick ears will have a long healthy life. Buddha is often depicted with ears that are round at the top, wide at the middle, and long lobes reflecting his strong constitution, love, wisdom and peace. The ears in traditional medicine are associated with the kidneys and they are the same size and shape as the kidneys. And it has been also said that by massaging pressure points and examining the texture of the ear the chi that is blocked can be detected. Simple pressure can release these blockages and allow the chi to flow through the organs. Ear reflexology is the most recent development in reflexology, and it has evolved out of Auricular Therapy or acupuncture of the ears. The ears contain reflexology areas that when stimulated by acupuncture needles or finger pressure, influence corresponding body parts, according to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It is a complete medical system which has developed continuously over at least 2500 years and has been proven one of the effective methods for pain relief. Ear reflexology refers to physical stimulation of the reflex areas of the ears without the use of needles. The techniques used in ear reflexology are different to those used with the feet and hands, primarily because of the different size of the ears. Ear Reflexology is a fast-growing therapy that, like Hand Reflexology, can be applied quickly and easily where other forms of reflexology may not be appropriate.There is a recorded story from the Egyptians 3000 years ago who treated people with back pains by using a red hot needle on a point in the ear and the pain disappeared. The points for Ear Reflexology are similar to those in auricular therapy or ear acupuncture. A sensitive point is identified with either a finger or a small blunt stick. By attaching a seed with a plaster on to a sensitive defined point, the patient can easily work when required between treatments. It is believed that Ear Reflexology works by directly stimulating the central nervous system, as opposed to traditional reflexology which relaxes the body to allow balancing of the systems. Unlike traditional reflexology, each ear represents the whole body so only one ear is worked on at a time. Ear Reflexology is applied for the instant "pain relief" such as clearing infections, lowering blood pressure and balancing hormones. Modern Chinese ear reflexologists believe that special ear reflexology treatment is good for the skin and has slimming effects, and provides pain relief during menstrual period.Ear Reflexology is commonly used with foot and hand reflexology and can confirm a diagnosis suggested by imbalances in the feet and hand reflex points.

Swimming and Back Pain

Swimming and Back Pain

Swimming is considered a beneficial activity in alleviating pain. Whenever athletes experience an injury, swimming can be one way to keep active while avoiding undue stress on the swimmers back.However, there are instances when swimming can also result in back pain and back injuries.Back problems and lower back injuries can be caused by certain swimming strokes. To avoid these incidences, recognizing the following factors while performing particular strokes may help:1.) Rotating the head too far up while doing the freestyle can result in neck and back injuries. Swimmers normally roll their heads upwards to the right to breathe out of the water on the upstroke of the right arm. It is advisable rotate the head upwards only within the axis of the body, and keeping the head down the rest of the time when not going up for air.2.) If not conditioned properly, the anterior neck muscles become subject to stress while doing the backstroke. This stroke is one that has to be performed gradually to avoid excessive muscle strain.3.) Flip-turning can have an adverse effect on the neck and back muscles if the head is overextended from the body and not tucked in.4.) While doing the breaststroke, the head and neck is held still, with only a minimal head raise to take in air.There are several means of alleviating pain symptoms in a problematic back. Some conservative approaches to relief include stretching, applying ice, and taking over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen. With more severe pain, other forms of treatment may involve sessions with a chiropractor or physical therapist. A chiropractor can manipulate the affected area to relieve symptoms for most sufferers, while a physical therapist can develop a specific program of drills and exercises that can strengthen muscles, enhance flexibility, and decrease pain. Wearing a back brace may limit painful movement while giving the injured muscle a chance to recover.Constant back pain signals the need to cease all swimming activities consult a doctor for an appropriate diagnosis. Continuing to swim despite the pain is a detriment to healing and will only make the condition worse. The resulting severe pain may even require surgery to correct any back irregularities. Surgery is only undertaken in the very rare instances of serious symptomatic conditions; however, there are cases when not even surgery can undo grave back ailments.In general, swimming is a beneficial activity that may alleviate symptoms of back pain. It is not unduly stressful nor does it involve motions that weigh heavily on the back. In fact, it is a preferable exercise option for people who want to avoid neck or back strain, or aggravate any symptoms of other ailments they may have. It is advised, however, to take lessons in the proper safety measures and swimming techniques to refrain from repetitive or awkward movements that may lead to back injury.

7 Steps To Control Childhood Asthma

Asthma is the most common chronic (long-term) childhood disease. In America about nine million children are diagnosed with asthma. Up to ten per cent of children in Europe are also suffering from asthma symptoms. Unfortunately parents of these children are often uninformed about the various ways to control childhood asthma.If you suspect your child has asthma the first priority is correct diagnosis. However, be aware that symptoms can vary from episode to episode and not all wheezing and coughing is caused by asthma. Asthma-like symptoms in children younger than five are usually due to a virus or bacterial infection of the airways. However if your child is experiencing breathing difficulties it is best to get them to a doctor whatever the cause.About eighty per cent of children who develop asthma do so before the age of five. Studies show that children living in rural areas have lower rates of asthma than those who live in cities, particularly if they spent their first five years in a rural area. For children living in inner cities the cockroach allergen seems to worsen asthma symptoms more than dust mite or pet allergens. Therefore another important step in the control of your child's asthma is to ensure that general cleaning and maintenance routines are followed to ensure cockroaches are not encouraged into the home. Levels of cockroach allergens have been found to be highest in high-rise apartments.Another factor that has been linked to the development of asthma in children is exposure to smoke. A study in Norway showed that almost ten per cent of adult asthma patients had experienced passive smoking during early childhood. Therefore another step to take at home is to ensure that your child is not exposed to tobacco smoke.If your doctor recommends the use of medication the next step is to encourage your child to take the medicine. Asthma is one of the main causes for emergency room visits by children. Yet studies have shown that up to half of these hospitalizations may be preventable if children, particularly teenagers, followed their medication schedule correctly, avoided their asthma triggers and made regular visits to the doctor.Perhaps fear of side effects or dependency, or an impression that it is uncool to be seen taking medicines is preventing children taking their medication as regularly as they should. Perhaps intermittent asthma symptoms persuade children and their parents that it is not important to take medication if there are no symptoms. This is a mistake. Even when there are no obvious symptoms an asthmatics lungs will be inflamed to some degree.The fact that the condition seems to run in families with a history of asthma or allergies suggests that certain people are born with a predisposition to asthma. Some may believe you are born with the condition and there is nothing you can do. However a childs environment can also play an important role. Studies have found that exposure to potential allergens like pets and pollen in the first six months of life may reduce the chance of developing asthma later. However exposure beyond six months of age has the opposite effect. Being born into a family that already has siblings also seems to reduce the chance of developing asthma.It is known that children are more susceptible to viral and allergic triggers than adults. An important step in controlling your child's asthma is identifying the triggers and teaching your child how to recognize their asthma triggers and avoid them. One possible trigger is ibuprofen, with over 100,000 children susceptible to asthma symptoms brought on by the drug.Children tend to spend more time outside during the summer vacation. If pollen or high levels of ozone trigger your childs asthma you need to monitor these. Physical exercise is a common trigger of "childhood asthma" . Teach your child to take medication if necessary, and do warm up exercises before strenuous activity and wind down exercises after.If your child is going away to camp during the vacation make sure those in charge are aware of your childs asthma management and action plans. There are camps designed specifically for asthma sufferers in the U.S. and Canada.It is essential to have a written action plan that clearly states what medication to take and when, as well as how to respond to an asthma attack. You or your child may not remember what to do at a time when it may be difficult for them to breathe, so it is essential to have the important details in writing.It is important you and your child remain calm during an attack as panic can produce more breathing difficulties. A parents instinct may be to cuddle their child, but that would constrict the chest further.If asthma is diagnosed your next step is to inform your childs school. Every school should allow access to asthma medication and some allow children to carry and self-administer their asthma medication if certain requirements are met. Whilst were talking about schools heres one often overlooked childhood asthma trigger. School buses are major sources of pollution, and studies show children who ride them are exposed to five to fifteen times as much asthma triggering particulates inside the buses compared to outside. New Jersey recently passed a law requiring retrofitting of school buses and municipal vehicles to clean up tailpipe emissions. Is your state doing the same?Remember, if asthma is confirmed you need to educate yourself. According to the experts knowledge is the best prescription. To stop the disease affecting your childs life you need to know how to monitor and manage asthma. This will mean knowing how to use medications correctly, whether your childs attacks are triggered by allergens and if so how to reduce exposure to them, and the lifestyle changes that will help your child prevent attacks.Despite being a widespread disease there are still plenty of myths about asthma. One of the most damaging of these for children is the belief that the condition will improve every seven years or can even disappear completely. Unfortunately, any apparent improvement is probably due to hormonal changes as the childs immune system matures. The underlying condition does not go away and not managing it can lead to long-term lung damage.

Backgammon Rules: Learn How to Play Backgammon

The board game backgammon is one of the most ancient games known to man. It is believed that early variations of the game were played in Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and Ancient Rome. Since then, the game has evolved, changed several names and spread to different parts of the world. It is currently a popular pastime all over the US, East Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. In order to play backgammon all you need is a partner, two dice and a special backgammon board with checkers. The "backgammon board" is divided into two sides with each one is the mirror reflection of the other. Each side contains 12 triangles called points numbered from 1 to 24. Points 1 to 6: Home Board or Inner BoardPoints 7 to 12: Outer Board7 point: Bar Point13 point: Mid PointAt the starting position of the game, each player has 2 checkers on the 24 point, 3 checkers on the 8 point and 5 on the 13 and 6 point. Each player moves from his home board through the outer board towards the opponent home board. The object of backgammon, then, is to move your checkers towards your opponent home board and remove them off the board before your opponent moves his checkers towards your home board. The speed of the progress of each move is determined by the outcome of the dice roll. The backgammon play begins with both players tossing one die. The player whose outcome is the highest, makes the first move using both his and his opponents number. If the outcome of the dice toss is even, the players toss the dice again until an uneven outcome appears. From now on, each player tosses both dice on his turn. After each toss of dice, you should move your checkers forward the number of steps appears on both dice. You can move either one checker the number of steps summed up by both die or move two checkers. To make it clearer: if the outcome of the dice roll is 5 and 4, you can either move one checker 9 steps forward or move one checker 5 steps forward and then move the other piece 4 steps forwardIf the dice rolls a double, which means an even number on both dice, you can move double the number appears on the dice. For example, if you roll double 2, you can move 2 points four times. In that case, you can either move one checker 8 steps forward; move two checkers a total of 4 steps; move two checkers a total of 2 steps each plus a total of 4 steps; move one checker a total of 6 steps plus 2 steps; or move four checkers 2 steps.You can move a checker to a point where there is another one of your checkers or no more than one checker of your opponent, called blot. When you hit a blot, it is moved to the middle of the board to the part divided between the home board and the outer boards, called the bar. The checkers placed on the bar are kept out of play until the bar can be entered by a dice roll in the opponents home boards. For example, if you roll 2, you can enter a checker to the 23 point and enter the opponents home board and re enter the bar checkers into the game. You cannot move the other checkers unless your entire bar checkers are at your opponents home board. By the time your checkers are in your home board, you must remove the checkers from the board, to bear off, using a roll of dice. For example, if you roll 1, you can bear off one checker from the 1 point; if you roll 2, you can move a checker form the 2 point, and so on. If your opponent has not borne off any checkers while you have borne off 15 checkers, you win the gammon. If your opponent has not borne off any checkers and still some of his checkers are placed on the bar, while you have borne off 15 checkers, then you win the backgammon.

Summary

Experts believe that smoking is as much a psychological pleasure as it is a physiological satisfaction. People reasoned that they get a sense of satisfaction from a cigarette which they can't get from anything else. However, smoking leads to a lot of troubles in the end for smokers --- a far cry from the expected satisfaction and pleasure they are supposed to derive from the habit.